While these are the first confirmed human cases there are 148 birds that have tested positive for West Nile in 44 or Michigan's 83 counties.
Prevention is common sense: avoid mosquito bites.
The statement added that people older than 50 or with weakened immune systems are at higher risk for severe illness from West Nile virus.
"Most people who contract West Nile virus show no symptoms at all, or show mild symptoms, and will recover without a visit to the doctor", said Daniel Soule, MD, infectious disease specialist at CPH, who consulted with doctors who treated the patient.
The Lake County Health Department and Community Health Center said two confirmed cases of mosquito-borne illness have been reported: A woman in her 70s from Grayslake who was hospitalized after becoming ill in mid-August; and a woman in her 40s from Mundelein who was also hospitalized in late August.
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Drain water from garbage cans, house gutters, buckets, pool covers, coolers, toys, flower pots or any other containers where sprinkler or rain water has collected. Culex mosquitoes are the primary carriers of West Nile virus. Some infected people will experience flu-like symptoms. However, some people do develop febrile illness, which can produce fever, headaches, body aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash. Clothing should be light colored and made of tightly woven materials that keep mosquitoes away from the skin. No symptoms in most people. Use insect repellent, wear long sleeves and trousers when outdoors, and prevent standing water as mosquito breeding grounds on your property. Eliminate all sources of standing water on your property, including flower pots, old auto tires, rain gutters and pet bowls.
Mosquitoes lay their eggs on standing water.
Frequently replace the water in pet bowls. If you're out and about - especially in wooded areas or the mountains - it's important to wear long sleeves, long trousers and bug spray to stay safe.
Make sure that your doors and windows have tight-fitting screens to keep out mosquitoes.